This Paper, released by the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" in the framework of B-COMPETENT project, intends to address a specific issue arising from the national research carried on in Italy to assess the training needs of prison staff with regard to special needs and rights of Foreign Nationals in prison.
The article focuses on the specific problem of disproportion between uniformed staff and re-educational staff in prison. The starting point is that there are various professional figures who contribute, with different titles, to the re-educational process of prisoners aimed at assuring the reintegration in society and safeguarded by a series of principles that characterize the treatment, in order to guarantee prisoners’ fundamental rights.
Subsequently, the article reviews different professional figures working in Italian prisons. In general, a shortage of what is on paper concerning the workforce and the actual numbers of professional figures in prison can be observed. Furthermore, the most important finding is that the number of custodial staff is higher than the number of re-education staff and this constitutes a cross-section on the conception of prison, which seems to be understood more as a place of detention, where the educational path is, at least, held in the background.
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Antonella Croce, PhD student at Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli".
Daniela Bifulco, Full professor of public comparative law at the Law Department -University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Scientific coordinator of the project "B-Competent".